established, but rather to appeal to the universal instinct of humaneness existing in all truly cultured peoples. To say that flesh-eating is right because it is permitted by the Bible, when your own conscience condemns it, is simply to confess that your religious creed is worse than your own morality.
The Bible is a book dealing with spiritual principles which are in no wise opposed to the practice of an altruistic dietary, which aims at a healthy body in a healthy mind, and all in a healthy soul."
(From the second edition published in 1913)
In the early 1921 the London Vegetarian Society published a leaflet entitled: "Fruitarianism by Maurice Knaggs" - which also extolled the merits of "...unfired and sun-cooked" plant foods. The tract was revised and re-issued a decade later by the Friends Vegetarian Society.
(8) It was not the first occasion upon which The Vegetarian Society found itself in diametric disagreement with Dr. Oldfield's assertions. A review of an anthological title which was published in 1902 by the O.G.A. - "Essays of the Golden Age by Josiah Oldfield, M.A., D.C.L., L.R.C.P." - contained the following conclusions:
"...In the essay entitled 'Aristopagy' - eating of the best - Dr. Oldfield institutes a most unhappy comparison. 'Aristophagy - the eating only of the best,' he says, 'is like aristocracy, confined to the few. . . few - only a few - are fitted to enter the narrow gate of the sacrificial fold, and who being so fitted will be able to see the beauty of the land of promise.' To us there is nothing in vegetarianism to suggest the 'sacrificial fold,' and if we thought that there were few who were fitted to become vegetarians we should certainly not devote time and money to the propagation of vegetarianism. Our whole propaganda is based on a belief that vegetarianism is suitable for all, and that it would be to the mental, moral and physical advantage of everyone to be vegetarian."
From: The Vegetarian Messenger of February 1902.
(9) Similarly, a review of O.G.A. publications in the 1920's, commented on Dr. Oldfield's manual; "A Popular Guide to Fruitarian Diet and Cookery" -
"Fruitarian" is evidently a very elastic term, for it appears to include eggs (a weird fruit this!) cheese and potatoes..."
Science of Thought Review - September, 1923.
All excerpts from The Vegetarian Mesenger and Health Review are used with the kind permission of The Vegetarian Society